Cancer is the abnormal outgrowth of tumours can be benign or malignant. It can spread to many parts of the body. We are generally aware of circulatory cancer and bone cancer. But do you know it can also affect the reproductive organs of male or female. Today we will discuss testicular cancer, which generally affects young male aged 18 to 39, is the second most prevailing type of cancer in the world. The rate of men diagnosed with testicular cancer has grown by more than 50% over the past 30 years, however, the exact reason for this is not known.
Causes of Testicular Cancer:
Testicular Cancer can be passed from one generation to another in some of the cases. Hence Dr Rita Bakshi suggests those patients who have a family history of testicular cancer should take the medical screening in an initial stage.
Testicular cancer symptoms:
Testicular cancer is generally asymptomatic and the most common symptom is painless swelling or a lump in a testicle. Other common symptoms include:
• Patients suffering from testicular cancer generally find heaviness in the scrotum.
• Lump or swelling in the testicle.
• Change in morphology of testicle i.e. shape and size.
• Patients generally suffer from pain and ache in the lower abdomen, the testicle or scrotum.
• Back pain
Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer:
• Ultrasound is done to the patient to confirm the lump or mass formed due to cancer cells.
• Blood tests for the tumour markers alpha-fetoprotein, beta human chorionic gonadotrophin and lactate dehydrogenase.
Although, the best way to diagnose testicular cancer is by surgical removal of the affected testicle. While other types of cancers are diagnosed by biopsy, i.e. removing a small part of tissue from the tumour to prevent the other parts of the testicle.